A flu epidemic has been announced today in Stara Zagora, Silistra, Burgas and Shumen. The epidemiological situation is changing for hours. Health authorities have given a recommendation to suspend classes for the period from 16 to 18 January inclusive. Students will re-enter the classrooms on Monday, January 21, BGNES reported.
It is expected that a flu epidemic will be announced in Yambol, if an incidence of 358 patients per 10,000 population is reached. All age groups are affected by influenza. The highest incidence rate in the age group is from 0 to 4 years, followed by 5 to 14 years and 30 to 64. If the number of patients continues to grow, the Influenza Committee will meet on Thursday to distribution.
Typical of flu is sudden chills, fever, general malaise, muscle and joint pain. The period of infection until the onset of the first symptoms is on average 2 to 5 days. The infection is by air-droplet route – by sneezing and coughing, but the viruses are persistent in the external environment and can survive for several hours on surfaces and dusty environments. Frequent washing of hands and good ventilation reduce the possibility of contamination from surrounding objects and surfaces.
The most common complications in the flu are acute viral bronchopneumonia, difficult to diagnose and treat, as well as sinusitis, otitis, myocarditis and others. The most vulnerable to the development of complications are small children and adults with chronic diseases. The use of antibiotics for viral disease, uncomplicated with bacterial infection, is superfluous and does not help the body. An antibiotic can be taken only by the doctor’s discretion, observing the type, dose, and duration of the prescribed preparation.
Healthcare professionals recommend that hospital care establishments: stop visits, outpatient health care establishments – medical, diagnostic and counseling centers and emergency medical care centers to disclose, if possible, flu-like surgeries; to stop the work of female and child counseling; to discontinue the implementation of planned prophylactic immunizations and reimmunizations; to stop prophylactic activity. In order to avoid complications of influenza, RHI reminds all medical establishments that it is important to start early treatment with antivirals.
The recommendation to reduce the risk of disease to people is to limit social contacts and avoid crowding many people in confined spaces; people with high fever and other signs of flu not self-medicating; in the presence of flu symptoms to visit their personal doctors and not to go sick at work. Adhering to the recommendations is a matter of personal responsibility to yourself and others, as the best precaution is to limit contact with sick people. This is particularly important for those with chronic illnesses, pregnant women and children.
In the regions affected by the epidemic until the second order, the children’s and women’s consultations, the visits to the medical institutions for hospital care and the prophylactic immunizations are discontinued.